René Guénon de

Estudos Tradicionais



The  Illusion of Democracy


    One of the false foundations of the democracy  is the vote, that should be ideally a collective judgement of the art of governing. Now, nobody, sincerely, would defend the peculiar idea that the majority  would be intellectually qualified and with enough knowledge on what is administration and government to  be in conditions of exercising a judgement.

    Kept the due proportions, such supposition igualitarist  would be equal to affirm to that everybody is qualified, for instance,  on a medical ubject. A real situation  would illustrate very well such absurd. A  person is seriously wounded. Dozens of onlookers observe afflicted the event. Which could be the   plausible criterion to determine who can  help the wounded? Naturally, the ones that are qualified for such, that is, doctors or  nurses. A voting would be entirely irrelevant, because the majority  is never qualified for the  medical function, as well as it is not for  the admistration.

    If the reasoning is valid for a wounded person, it is evident that if we take in account  the destiny of millions of individuals, that is what   happens in the case of elections for the government, we can see  that the irresponsibility is the more  complete  imaginable.

    We would have a variety of examples of the nonsense of the   "democratic" foundation that  affirms the superiority of the majority, in other words, that an opinion of a  larger number of individuals is superior to other, defended, for instance, by a qualified minority.

    How to sustain that 200 bottles of cheap wine, only because of its number, is superior to an only wineglass of high quality? Or, then, how to affirm that 1450 individuals, of the most varied professions, less the physics, will  be more qualified  that an unique specialist to solve a subject of quantum physics?

    In the origin of the Democratic Illusion is the denial of the natural hierarchy, whose clearer expression is in the  Hindú Doctrine of Castes, hierarchy that settles down from top to bottom, that is, from the highest quality, the spiritual, until the least high, in other words, the material. The mentors of the modern democracy based it precisely on what exists of more roughly material and quantitative.

    The denial of the qualitative superiority and of the hierarchy begins at the end of the Medium Age, more precisely by the year of 1313, with the destruction of the Order of the Temple by Felipe the Beautiful, then King of France. This monarch ordered to surround the Pope's palace, that died humiliated few days after such insult. Felipe, the Beautiful, decides then to force the nomination of a submissive pope, easy to his  greed and to his  political projects, what will be impossible under the authority of a real  Sumo Pontífice. 

    The denial of the priestly superiority (typical attitude of rioted Kchatriya)  implicates the denial of the Unique, or God. But, respecting the logic,   is it  possible to defend such denial?

(it continues)


   Proceeds ahead, with  "Demiurgo"



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